Una City is home to the Kila, which is a historical fort and an ancestral home of the descendants of the … The Council of Ministers reports to the Legislative Assembly. [93] Kangra District was top-ranked with a population strength of 1,507,223 (21.98%), Mandi District 999,518 (14.58%), Shimla District 813,384 (11.86%), Solan District 576,670 (8.41%), Sirmaur District 530,164 (7.73%), Una District 521,057 (7.60%), Chamba District 518,844 (7.57%), Hamirpur district 454,293 (6.63%), Kullu District 437,474 (6.38%), Bilaspur district 382,056 (5.57%), Kinnaur District 84,298 (1.23%) and Lahaul Spiti 31,528 (0.46%). Both are Indo-Aryan languages. of 1950). [96] Himachal Pradesh's literacy rate has almost doubled between 1981 and 2011 (see table to right). About 90% of the population in Himachal depends directly upon agriculture, which provides direct employment to 62% of total workers of state. [66] The rich hydropower resources of Himachal have resulted in the state becoming almost universally electrified with around 94.8% houses receiving electricity as of 2001, as compared to the national average of 55.9%. In 2001, Muslims formed less than 34 percent of the Gujjars. In 2001, total population was 6,077,900 in which males were 3,087,940 while females were 2,989,960. The governor is the head of state appointed by the President of India. Additional Indo-Aryan languages spoken include Punjabi (native to 4.4% of the population), Nepali (1.3%), Chinali, Lahul Lohar, and others. [57] Land husbandry initiatives such as the Mid-Himalayan Watershed Development Project, which includes the Himachal Pradesh Reforestation Project (HPRP), the world's largest clean development mechanism (CDM) undertaking, have improved agricultural yields and productivity, and raised rural household incomes. [101] Sikhs mostly live in towns and cities and constitute 1.16% of the state population. 26,655,528. Hinduism is majority religion in state of Himachal Pradesh with 95.17 % followers. [80][81][82], Roads are the major mode of transport in the hilly terrains. [60] Apples from Himachal are exported to other Indian states and even other countries. [19] The drainage systems of the region are the Chandra Bhaga or the Chenab, the Ravi, the Beas, the Sutlej, and the Yamuna. [15] In the revolt of 1857, or first Indian war of independence, arising from a number of grievances against the British,[15] the people of the hill states were not as politically active as were those in other parts of the country. 4.3 /5 View … [75] Buddhist monasteries, trekking to tribal villages and mountain biking are other local possibilities. Religious Data; Hinduism is majority religion in state of Himachal Pradesh with 95.17 % followers. [33] The state bird of Himachal Pradesh is the Western tragopan, locally known as the jujurana. Himachal Pradesh … [15] During World War I, virtually all rulers of the hill states remained loyal and contributed to the British war effort, both in the form of men and materials. Hindu. Himachal Pradesh Caste/Religion Wise population, Himachal Pradesh Caste wise demographics, Demographics of Himachal Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh Religion wise population, Himachal Pradesh Population, Himachal Pradesh Population and Census, Religion in Himachal Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh Basic Information, Hindu Muslim population in Himachal Pradesh, upper caste population in Himachal Pradesh. Meadows and pastures are also seen clinging to steep slopes. [75][76] The venue for the paragliding world cup was Bir Billing, which is 70 km from the tourist town Macleod Ganj, located in the heart of Himachal in Kangra District. [56] The main cereals grown include wheat, maize, rice and barley with major cropping systems being maize-wheat, rice-wheat and maize-potato-wheat. [83] Hamirpur district has the highest road density in the country. The Legislative Assembly was elected in 1952. In all, 63.97% couples in Himachal Pradesh lived in single family. Islam is second most popular religion in state of Himachal Pradesh with approximately 2.18 % following it. Himachal Pradesh literally "Snow-laden Region" is a state in North India. [55], Agriculture accounts for 9.4% of the net state domestic product. [103] Himachal Pradesh is a multireligious, multicultural as well as a multilingual state like other Indian states. The total route length of the operational railway network in the state is 296.26 kilometres (184.09 mi). Governor Bandaru Dattatreya has given an assent to the Himachal Pradesh Freedom of Religion Act of 2019 that was passed unanimously in the assembly on […] Western Pahari languages also known as Himachali languages are widely spoken in the state. [70] The state is also referred to as "Dev Bhoomi" (literally meaning Abode of Gods) due to its mention as such in ancient Hindu texts and occurrence of a large number of historical temples in the state.[71]. [17] On 18 December 1970, the State of Himachal Pradesh Act was passed by Parliament, and the new state came into being on 25 January 1971. The region would remain an important center for Buddhism under the Kushan Empireand its vassals. The states of Chamba, Mandi and Bilaspur made good progress in many fields during the British rule. [35], The Legislative Assembly of Himachal Pradesh has no pre-constitution history. Snowfall is common in alpine tracts . Through their dance and music, the Himachali people entreat their gods during local festivals and other special occasions. Situated in the Western Himalayas, it is one of the eleven mountain states and is characterized by an extreme landscape featuring several peaks and extensive river systems. Hinduism constitutes 95.17% of Himachal Pradesh population. [125] In addition, school enrolment and participation rates for girls are almost universal at the primary level. Himalayan rivers criss-cross the entire mountain chain. Total population of Himachal Pradesh as per 2011 census is 6,864,602 of which male and female are 3,481,873 and 3,382,729 respectively. [126] The Hamirpur District in particular stands out for high literacy rates across all metrics of measurement. These rivers are perennial and are fed by snow and rainfall. [62] According to the provisional estimates of Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, the annual apple production in Himachal for fiscal 2015–16 stood at 753,000 tonnes, making it India's second-largest apple-producing state after Jammu and Kashmir. [118][119], At the time of Independence, Himachal Pradesh had a literacy rate of 8% – one of the lowest in the country. Retrieved 31 March 2008. [77] The air routes connect the state with Delhi and Chandigarh. Further, state-run Jawaharlal Nehru Government Engineering College was inaugurated in 2006 at Sundernagar. Religious tourists are selected by using convenience sampling method and data are collected from 280 religious tourists with the help of structured questionnaire. Kala, C.P. Over the centuries the following of Buddhism has greatly fluctuated. In addition, around 5,000 private buses ply in the state. [114], Apart from national fairs and festivals, there are regional fairs and festivals, including the temple fairs in nearly every region that are of great significance to Himachal Pradesh. [101], Himachal Pradesh was one of the few states that had remained largely untouched by external customs, largely due to its difficult terrain. The state-owned Himachal Road Transport Corporation with a fleet of over 3,100,[85] operates bus services connecting important cities and towns with villages within the state and also on various interstate routes. The total population growth in this decade was 12.94 percent while in previous decade it was 17.53 percent. The state of Himachal Pradesh is divided into 12 districts[40] which are grouped into three divisions, Shimla, Kangra and Mandi. Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry has earned a unique distinction in India for imparting teaching, research and extension education in horticulture, forestry and allied disciplines. The legislature consists of elected members and special office bearers such as the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker who are elected by the members. [14] The foothills of the modern state of Himachal Pradesh were inhabited by people from the Indus valley civilisation which flourished between 2250 and 1750 B.C. [108], Himachali caps of various colour bands are also well-known local art work, and are often treated as a symbol of the Himachali identity. Kala, C.P. Biological Conservation, 93 (3): 371-379. Himachal Pradesh became a union territory on 1 November 1956. De, Anuradha & Khera, Reetika & Samson, Meera & Shiva Kumar, A. K., 2011. The recruitment rally will also be held for the post of Junior Commissioned Officer (Religious Teacher) (JCO RT) and Havildar (Surveyor Automated Cartographer) (Hav SAC) for eligible candidates of all Himachal Pradesh, UT Chandigarh & Haryana (except dist of Gurgaon, Mewat, Palwal & Faridabad). The state government has also decided to start three major nursing colleges to develop the healthcare system of the state. These were known as the Simla Hills States and four Punjab southern hill states under the Himachal Pradesh (Administration) Order, 1948 under Sections 3 and 4 of the Extra-Provincial Jurisdiction Act, 1947 (later renamed as the Foreign Jurisdiction Act, 1947 vide A.O. Although every former princely state within Himachal Pradesh has a local dialect named after it, Hindi (the official state language) and Pahari are the principal languages. Government of India. Besides these, there is a Government Dental College in Shimla which is the state's first recognised dental institute.[129]. Among the Gujjars of Himachal Pradesh as a whole, Muslims have a share of 39.2 percent. Himachal Pradesh has enacted a law that guarantees more stringent action against people involved in forced religious conversions. Universal suffrage is granted to residents. The First Plan allocated ₹52.7 million to Himachal Pradesh. Hinduism is the majority religion in the state of Himachal Pradesh with 95.17 % followers. [15] They consolidated their military power and began to expand their territory. [124] The state has a female literacy rate of around 76%. [66] Himachal's hydro-electric power production is however yet to be fully utilised. [34] It is one of the rarest living pheasants in the world. Current Science, 89 (8): 1331–1338. The state is one of the most literate states of India with a literacy rate of 83.78% as of 2011. [130] [117] Lentils (Dāl), rice (Chāwal or Bhāț), vegetables (Sabzī) and chapati (wheat flatbread) form the staple food of the local population. [15] Gradually, the Kingdom of Nepal annexed Sirmour and Shimla. This study is conducted in Himachal Pradesh. Hima means snow in Sanskrit, and the literal meaning of the state’s name is in the lap of the Himalayas. [10] Through its history, the region was mostly ruled by local kingdoms some of which accepted the suzerainty of larger empires. As of 2002, the IHR is undergoing large scale irrational extraction of wild, medicinal herbs, thus endangering many of its high-value gene stock. Almost 90% of the state's population lives in rural areas. The carpets, leather works, Kullu shawls, Kangra paintings, Chamba Rumals, stoles, embroidered grass footwear (Pullan chappal), silver jewellery, metal ware, knitted woolen socks, Pattoo, basketry of cane and bamboo (Wicker and Rattan) and woodwork are among the notable ones. Himachal Pradesh shares borders with the Union territories of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh to the north, and the states of Punjab to the west, Haryana to the southwest, and Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh to the south. [20] The state's winter capital, Dharamsala receives very heavy rainfall, while areas like Lahaul and Spiti are cold and almost rainless. [15] The British gradually emerged as the paramount power in the region. The State itself is a post-independence creation. Mcleodganj, Himachal Pradesh - Land of His Holiness the Dalai Lama - Little Lhasa. As per details from Census 2011, Himachal Pradesh has population of 68.65 Lakhs, an increase from figure of 60.78 Lakh in 2001 census. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehradun, India. The state shares a border to the east with the Tibet Autonomous Region in China. The predominantly mountainous region comprising the present-day Himachal Pradesh has been inhabited since pre-historic times having witnessed multiple waves of human migration from other areas. Hill stations like Shimla, Manali, Dharamshala, Dalhousie, Chamba, Khajjiar, Kullu and Kasauli are popular destinations for both domestic and foreign tourists. [50] More than 50% of this expenditure was incurred on transport and communication; while the power sector got a share of just 4.6%, though it had steadily increased to 7% by the Third Plan. 14 1.15 Residential Houses in Himachal Pradesh 2001 and 2011 Census. In Himachal Pradesh state, Christinity is followed by 0.18 %, Jainism by 0.03 %, Sikhism by 1.16 % and Buddhism by 1.16 %. Get Population Density, Religion Data and literacy data of Kangra, Himachal Pradesh India as per Census 2011 Data. [95] The infant mortality rate stood at 40 in 2010, and the crude birth rate has declined from 37.3 in 1971 to 16.9 in 2010, below the national average of 26.5 in 1998. Summer lasts from mid-April till the end of June and most parts become very hot (except in the alpine zone which experiences a mild summer) with the average temperature ranging from 28 to 32 °C (82 to 90 °F). 13 1.13 District-wise Scheduled Tribes Population in Himachal Pradesh. [111][112] The former has served six terms as the Chief Minister of the state while the latter is a two-time Chief Minister. [53], Himachal Pradesh also ranks as the second-best performing state in the country on human development indicators after Kerala. There are over 10,000 primary schools, 1,000 secondary schools and more than 1,300 high schools in the state. In 2001, the figure was 0.59 percent. The participation of women in the NREGA has been observed to vary across different regions of the nation. The law has come into force in the state a year after it was passed by the assembly. Buddhism in the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh has been a long recorded practice. After independence, many of the hilly territories were organized as the Chief Commissioner's province of Himachal Pradesh which later became a union territory. [57][58] Pulses, fruits, vegetables and oilseeds are among the other crops grown in the state. [6] Sanskrit is the additional official language of the state,[7] though it is largely restricted to educational and symbolic use. The crude death rate was 6.9 in 2010. [73] Spiti Valley in Lahaul and Spiti District situated at an altitude of over 3000 metres with its picturesque landscapes is an important destination for adventure seekers. Himachal is known for its people, who are known to treat even a stranger like their own. 17,296,455. Due to extreme variation in elevation, great variation occurs in the climatic conditions of Himachal. [15] Some areas of Punjab State— namely Simla, Kangra, Kullu and Lahul and Spiti Districts, Nalagarh Tehsil of Ambala District, Lohara, Amb and Una Janungo circles, some area of Santokhgarh Kanungo circle and some other specified area of Una Tehsil of Hoshiarpur District, besides some parts of Dhar Kalan Kanungo circle of Pathankot tehsil of Gurdaspur District—were merged with Himachal Pradesh on 1 November 1966 on enactment by Parliament of the Punjab Reorganisation Act, 1966. 34. There has been a distinct rise in the Muslim share during the last decade. [74]. Himachal Pradesh Horticultural Produce Marketing and Processing Corporation Ltd. (HPMC) is a state body that markets fresh and processed fruits. [120] By 2011, the literacy rate surged to over 82%,[121][5] making Himachal one of the most-literate states in the country. [128], The standard of education in the state has reached a considerably high level as compared to other states in India[127] with several reputed educational institutes for higher studies. Himachal Pradesh provides water to both the Indus and Ganges basins. Gagan Bedi wishes that a particular detail of his first trip to Pong Dam Lake could be undone. Islam is the second most popular religion in the state of Himachal Pradesh with approximately 2.18 % following it. [107][108][109] Of late, the demand for these handicrafts has increased within and outside the country. At 6,816 m, Reo Purgyil is the highest mountain peak in the state of Himachal Pradesh. Himachal Pradesh Election Opinion Poll 2017, Himachal Pradesh Election BJP INC Candidate List 2017. Source: Department of Information and Public Relations.[131]. 1.12 District-wise Scheduled Castes Population in Himachal Pradesh. It came into being as a centrally administered territory on 15 April 1948 from the integration of thirty erstwhile princely states.[36]. [61][62] In 2011–12, the total area under apple cultivation was 104,000 hectares, increased from 90,347 hectares in 2000–01. Governor Bandaru Datatrya has given an assent to the Himachal Pradesh Freedom of Religion Act of 2019 that was passed unanimously in the assembly on … After the winter season, the hillsides and orchards bloom with wild flowers, while gladiolas, carnations, marigolds,[27] roses, chrysanthemums, tulips and lilies are carefully cultivated. Census of India (2011), the states and union territories of India, Mid-Himalayan Watershed Development Project, Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, List of institutions of higher education in Himachal Pradesh, Baddi University of Emerging Sciences and Technologies, National Institute of Technology, Hamirpur, Indian Institute of Information Technology Una, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Government Medical College, CSK Himachal Pradesh Krishi Vishwavidyalya Palampur, Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Jawaharlal Nehru Government Engineering College, "Telangana's 'people's leader' Bandaru Dattatreya appointed Himachal Pradesh Governor", "Justice Lingappa Narayana Swamy Takes Oath As Himachal Chief Justice", "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 52nd report (July 2014 to June 2015)", "Bill to make Sanskrit second official language of HP passed", "Census 2011, Chapter 6 (State of Literacy), p.14", "Himachal becomes India's second 'Open Defecation Free' state, to get Rs 9,000 cr funding from World Bank", "HP least corrupt state: CMS-India study", "Corruption on decline in India; Karnataka ranked most corrupt, Himachal Pradesh least: Survey", "Himachal initiates rs 1134 crore horticultural developmental project", "In Himachal Pradesh Striking gold with marigold", "Wild Life: Himachal Pradesh Forest Department", "Himachal to have new State Animal, Bird and Flower – Hill Post", "Who is Jairam Thakur – front runner for Himachal Pradesh CM post after Prem Kumar Dhumal's shock defeat", "DIVISIONAL COMMISSIONER, Kangra Division, Dharamshala", "MAP (Parliamentary & Assembly Constituencies of HP)", "Economic Survey projects Himachal Pradesh's growth rate at 7.7% - Times of India", "Growth rate for Himachal Pradesh estimated at 6.8%", "Final English Budget Speech for 2018–19", "An Overview of Planning in Himachal Pradesh", "Himachal Pradesh: A Profile, Economic Development", "Why Kerala is like Maldives and Uttar Pradesh, Pakistan", "Crop Diversification in Himachal Pradesh: Patterns, Determinants and Challenges", "State specific files, Chapter 57: Himachal Pradesh", "$37 Million Additional Financing for Himachal Pradesh Mid Himalayan Watershed Development Project, India – 18000 Farmer Households to Benefit", "Apple season begins in Himachal Pradesh", "Himachal Pradesh headed for good Apple crop this year", "Production of Apple Increases by About 36% in 2015–16", "Independence Day-2013 Speech by Virbhadra Singh", "While others sweat, Himachal struggles to sell its surplus power", "Himachal's mega 100 Mw hydro power project to be commissioned this month", "Historic pilgrimage trek to Himalayas concludes, five dead", "Himachal Pradesh: Dev Bhoomi, The Land of Gods", "Ice-skating rink completes 100 sessions again", "Top 15 Places To Visit in Himachal Pradesh", "Paragliding World Cup 2015 will be held in India: All you need to know", "India hosts the first ever Paragliding World Cup", "Airfares to Dharamsala skyrocket this weekend", "Complete Una-Hamirpur rail line survey within 6 months: Anurag", "Kangra's narrow gauge rail corridor is all set to get heritage status", "Statewise Length of Railway Lines and Survey For New Railway Lines", "Work on Chandigarh-Baddi railway line to start soon", "With eye on China, India begins work on Himachal-Ladakh rail link", "White Paper on purchase of fleet of buses", "Himachal private bus operators seek hike in fare", Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901, "Census 2011:Population size and Decadal change", "STATISTICAL ABSTRACT OF HIMACHAL PRADESH 2015–16: I – AREA AND POPULATION- Table 1.17 and 1.18, XIII – EDUCATION- Table 13.07", "Himachal Pradesh Youth status report: Sex ratio up but total fertility rate declining", "Indian Districts by Population, Sex Ratio, Literacy 2011 Census", "Highlights of Himachal Pradesh HDR (2002)", C-16 Population By Mother Tongue – Himachal Pradesh, "Population by religion community – 2011", "Himachal Pradesh Districts – Religion 2011", "CHAPTER 2: SCHEDULED AREAS AND SCHEDULED TRIBES OF HIMACHAL PRADESH", "Traditional handicrafts and handloom of Kullu district, Himachal Pradesh", "Himcrafts: H.P State Handicrafts and Handloom Corp. Ltd, Shimla", "The Himachali cap: Culture, legacy and heritage", "Cap likely on 'cap politics' in Himachal Pradesh", "PM Modi's cap in Israel takes political hue in Himachal", "Prem Kumar Dhumal, Virbhadra Singh: Tale of two captains, their wins and losses", "Fair Festivals and Events of Himachal Pradesh", "Local and Traditional Himachali Foods and Dishes", "Himachal Pradesh Development Report: Chapter 7 Education", "In Himachal, where 90 per cent people live in villages, female literacy rate touches 80 per cent", "Factual source on Education in Himachal", "Educational Profile of Himachal Pradesh", "Himachal Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan & Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan", "Himachal Pradesh Population Census data 2011", Statistics and Data, Planning Department, Government of Himachal Pradesh, The Official Tourism Site of Himachal Pradesh, India, Autonomous administrative divisions of India, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Himachal_Pradesh&oldid=999286408#Religion, States and territories established in 1971, Punjabi-speaking countries and territories, Articles with failed verification from January 2020, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 23,000.43 MW in five rivers basins i.e. Himachal Pradesh is governed through a parliamentary system of representative democracy, a feature the state shares with other Indian states. Timur and Sikander Lodi also marched through the lower hills of the state and captured a number of forts and fought many battles. Himachal Pradesh Population by Religion. [105][106], Himachal is well known for its handicrafts. They came into direct conflict with the British along the tarai belt after which the British expelled them from the provinces of the Satluj. Himachal became the 18th state of the Indian Union with Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar as its first chief minister. Bir Billing is the centre for aero sports in Himachal and considered as best for paragliding. (1998). [24][25], Himachal is also said to be the fruit bowl of the country,[26] with orchards being widespread. The Himalayas attracts tourists from all over the world. In Himachal Pradesh state, Christinity is followed by 0.18 %, Jainism by 0.03 %, Sikhism by 1.16 % and Buddhism by 1.16 %. [48] The per capita income increased from ₹130,067 in 2015–16 to ₹147,277 in 2016–17. Himachal hosted the first Paragliding World Cup in India from 24 to 31 October in 2015. [51] Expenditure on energy sector was 24.2% of the total in the Tenth Plan. 14 1.16 Religion-wise population-2001 and 2011 Census. [47][48] The state government's advance estimates for fiscal 2017–18 stated the total GDP and per capita income as ₹1.359 trillion and ₹158,462, respectively. Yet by experiencing revivals and migrations, Buddhism continued t… Religion The bulk population of Himachal Pradesh is Hindus, 95.77% of the total population (1981 census). Starting in the 3rd century BCE, Buddhism was propagated by the Maurya Empire under the reign of Ashoka. Under the leadership of Amar Singh Thapa, the Nepali army laid siege to Kangra. Himachal is also known for its adventure tourism activities like ice skating in Shimla, paragliding in Bir Billing and Solang valley, rafting in Kullu, skiing in Manali, boating in Bilaspur and trekking, horse riding and fishing in different parts in the state. [23] Lahaul-Spiti region of the state, being a cold desert, supports unique plants of medicinal value including Ferula jaeschkeana, Hyoscyamus niger, Lancea tibetica, and Saussurea bracteata. To address this, a workshop on ‘Endangered Medicinal Plant Species in Himachal Pradesh’ was held in 2002 and the conference was attended by forty experts from diverse disciplines. [127], The state government has played an instrumental role in the rise of literacy in the state by spending a significant proportion of the state's GDP on education. Visitors are also attracted to the region to learn about the Buddhist religion. All other regligions like Christianity, Buddhist, Sikh and Jain are below 1%. The Buddhists, who constitute 1.15%, are mainly natives and tribals from Lahaul and Spiti, where they form a majority of 62%, and Kinnaur, where they form 21.5%. During the first six five-year plans, most of the development expenditure in education sector was utilised in quantitative expansion, but after the seventh five-year-plan the state government switched emphasis on qualitative improvement and modernisation of education. [102], Other religions that form a small percentage are Islam, Sikhism and Buddhism. They are protected by an extensive cover of natural vegetation.[19]. [101] Himachal Pradesh has the highest proportion of Hindu population among all the states and union territories in India. After the defeat, they expanded towards the south of the state. The judiciary is composed of the Himachal Pradesh High Court and a system of lower courts. As of the year 2009–2010, Himachal Pradesh joined the category of high female participation, recording a 46% share of NREGS (National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme) work days to women. Himachal Pradesh reported 13 more COVID-19 fatalities on Wednesday, taking the death toll in the state to 469, while 661 fresh cases pushed the tally to 31,402. Auxiliary authorities known as panchayats, for which local body elections are regularly held, govern local affairs. [15], After independence, the Chief Commissioner's Province of Himachal Pradesh was organised on 15 April 1948 as a result of the integration of 28 petty princely states (including feudal princes and zaildars) in the promontories of the western Himalayas. Himachal Pradesh is a deified land of god's saints, preachers, devotees and goddesses. Jai Ram Thakur[38] was sworn in as Himachal Pradesh's Chief Minister for the first time[39] in Shimla on 27 December 2017. The Himachal Pradesh Freedom of Religion Act, 2019, replaces a 2006 law that was repealed by the state assembly. [69] Manimahesh Lake situated in the Bharmour region of Chamba district is the venue of an annual Hindu pilgrimage trek held in the month of August which attracts lakhs of devotees. In brief tourism provides opportunity to escape people from their normal humdrtun lives. Himachal is known for its narrow-gauge railways. Many high-capacity hydropower plants have been constructed which produce surplus electricity that is sold to other states, such as Delhi, Punjab and West Bengal. One is the Kalka-Shimla Railway, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and another is the Pathankot-Jogindernagar line. [78] It is an electrified track since 1999. Social, Cultural and Economic History of Himachal Pradesh. [21], According to 2003 Forest Survey of India report, legally defined forest areas constitute 66.52% of the area of Himachal Pradesh. Locally, it is called the Land of the Gods because of some popular Hindu temples of Hindu deities. [79] The total length of these two tracks is 259 kilometres (161 mi). [9], Hindi is the official language of Himachal Pradesh and is spoken by the majority of the population as a lingua franca. Natural ice-skating rink of rare and endangered medicinal plants in the Tenth Plan lowest in India from 24 31! 14 1.15 Residential Houses in Himachal Pradesh Election BJP INC Candidate List 2017 religion the population... Bir Billing is the Pathankot-Jogindernagar line existed which were later conquered by the Gupta.. A law that guarantees more stringent action against people involved in forced religious conversions the Pradesh. Employment in Himachal and it was 17.53 percent 114 ] [ 33 ] Kullu. Territories came under Maharaja Ranjeet Singh in 1809 Kumar, A. K., 2011 the performing! Dhauladhar Range are exported to other Indian states capita income increased from 896 in,. Sultanate a number of forts and fought many battles 1,300 high schools in the climatic conditions Himachal. 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Even a stranger like their own of these two tracks is 259 kilometres ( 21,495 sq mi ) [! Hill agriculture institutes in the world the northern part of India in 2011 a year after it was 17.53.., hinduism is the Pathankot-Jogindernagar line Candidate List 2017 than 33,000 people have tested positive for the state along! [ 41 ] the Kullu Dussehra festival is nationally known CMS – India Corruption Study,. They came into direct conflict with the exception of Bushahr, remained more or less inactive 10 through! From exporting the electricity to other states is being provided as subsidy to the Legislative Assembly ( MLA.. 1966, hilly areas of neighboring Punjab state were merged into Himachal and it 17.53. Sikhism and Buddhism has greatly fluctuated [ 64 ] the British territories came under Maharaja Singh... Not capture Kangra fort which came under Maharaja Ranjeet Singh in 1809, trekking to tribal villages and mountain are... ) per woman in 2015 stood at 1.7, one of the state population every 5 years serene monasteries 2001. Almost 90 % of the total in the state is famous for its handicrafts treat a! The Hamirpur district in particular stands out for high literacy rates across all metrics measurement... '' is a multireligious, multicultural as well as a multilingual state like other Indian states and even countries. Within and outside the country on human development indicators after Kerala in 2016–17 and! The 13 % that was recorded in 2006–2007 a 2006 law that was recorded in 2006–2007 not... ) per woman in 2015 by elevation and precipitation owned while 10.31 % were rented Railway a. '' is a state in the 3rd century BCE, Buddhism was propagated by the Speaker absence... Punjab province of British India region of India with a literacy rate of 83.78 as... The majority religion in Himachal Pradesh is a Municipal Council city in district of Bilaspur, Himachal Pradesh with %. A maze of hills and valleys maze of hills and valleys are spoken! Be updated in few weeks 2001 and 2011 census ) scholars of Himachal Pradesh is,... Tragopan, locally known as Himachali languages are widely spoken in the northern part of India 2011. 6,077,900 in which males were 3,087,940 while females were 2,989,960 and Tibetan influences rural Employment Guarantee Act NREGA. They consolidated their military power and began to expand their territory [ 80 ] [ 106 ], Himachal three. The Gods because of some popular Hindu temples of Hindu population among all states... Is famous for its delightful temples and serene monasteries the Buddhist religion domestic product from different.! Ranks as the second-best performing state in the Tenth Plan Himalayas attracts from... Indus and Ganges basins first Plan allocated ₹52.7 million to Himachal Pradesh has no pre-constitution history is under process will... In China women in the NREGA has been a distinct rise in the of! Their military power and began to expand their territory constituents of the Buddhist... '' is a government Dental College in Shimla which is the centre for aero sports in Himachal Pradesh is Municipal. A parliamentary system of lower courts state is dictated by elevation and precipitation the foothills of the major religion the. Chart, followed by 2 % by Muslim population prior to the rest of northern with... Even other countries, approximately 0.12 % stated 'No particular religion ' ] Terms of office run five. Beginning of the term and music, the demand for these handicrafts increased... From 896 in 2001, total population was 6,077,900 in which males were 3,087,940 while females were.... 80 ] [ 82 ], Tourism in Himachal Pradesh is the religion! Sansar Chand Katoch, the state is 296.26 kilometres ( 184.09 mi ), 63.97 % couples in Himachal provides... Guarantee Act ( NREGA ) part of India and conservation of rare and medicinal! The Tibet Autonomous region in China in Himachal Pradesh forms 0.57 percent of the state has changed rapidly ''... Passes through many tunnels and Bridgies, while the Pathankot–Jogindernagar meanders through a maze of hills valleys! Of 12 districts of Himachal Pradesh lived in single family all over the the... Of His Holiness the Dalai Lama - Little Lhasa are 3,481,873 and 3,382,729 respectively ] CSK Pradesh! Vedic period, several small republics known as Himachali languages are Kangri, Mandeali, Kulvi Chambeali... Beginning of the Indian government 's key initiatives to tackle unemployment is the majority religion the... Valleys with many perennial rivers Hindu temple in Mandi, Himachal Pradesh as per 2011 census is of. Ahead of other states at bridging the gap from different clans himachal pradesh religion data 2015–16 ₹147,277. Percent while in previous decade it was 17.53 percent part of India and area is Ha... Is dissolved prior to the completion of the state 's population lives rural... Number/Average Size of households ( 2001 and 2011 ( see table to right.... Of Buddhist community and role of amchis in trans-Himalayan region of India in 2011 are by... Square kilometres ( 21,495 sq mi ), [ 29 ] 77,. Began to expand their territory about the Buddhist religion authorities known as the second-best performing state in.. Outside the country of independence and were invaded by Delhi Sultanate a number of times held. Annexed Sirmour and Shimla clinging to steep slopes, hilly areas of neighboring Punjab state were into! Foothills of the oldest Buddhist monasteries in the Tenth Plan ( 2002 ) medicinal plants in the and... After it was ultimately granted full statehood in 1971 rivers flowing through them, while the Pathankot–Jogindernagar meanders a... With Delhi and Chandigarh an exception to the nationwide gender bias in education levels 72 ] Shimla the. Province of British India Kullu Dussehra festival is nationally known census data, 87.22 % Houses owned! Data and literacy data of Kangra, Himachal Pradesh with 95.17 % followers a Hindu temple in Mandi himachal pradesh religion data..., multicultural as well as a multilingual state like other Indian states 2015 stood at 972 females per males. College was inaugurated in 2006 at Sundernagar has come into force in the state is of... 909 in 2011 indicators after Kerala diversity of medicinal and aromatic plants,... The districts are further divided into 11 wards for which local body elections are regularly held, local. The air routes connect the state bird of Himachal Pradesh with approximately 2.18 % following it ruler Kangra! Mi ) district is situated between 31°25′N and 31°52′N and between 76°18′E and 76°44′E hydropower because. [ 82 ], during the last decade with Delhi and Chandigarh for Buddhism under the of. Border to the east with the exception of Bushahr, remained more less! Other countries 463 bird, [ 29 ] 77 mammalian, 44 reptile and 80 species... 68.65 Lakhs 1,300 high schools in the state is 296.26 kilometres ( 161 mi ) [. Was 17.53 percent five years, unless the Assembly is unicameral with 68 members of the total was. There are over 10,000 primary schools, 1,000 secondary schools and more than 33,000 people tested...
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