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Netanyahu condemns 'tyrants of Tehran' in Holocaust speech

Netanyahu condemns 'tyrants of Tehran' in Holocaust speech Netanyahu condemns 'tyrants of Tehran' in Holocaust speech
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu urged action against "the tyrants of Tehran" in a Holocaust memorial speech Thursday, comparing what...
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Barnier warns of post-Brexit 'consequences' for UK, EU citizens

Barnier warns of post-Brexit 'consequences' for UK, EU citizens Barnier warns of post-Brexit 'consequences' for UK, EU citizens
Michel Barnier, the EU's chief Brexit negotiator, warned Tuesday that "concrete consequences" would follow for EU and UK citizens as Britain...
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EU judges join Polish colleagues to protest 'muzzle law'

EU judges join Polish colleagues to protest 'muzzle law' EU judges join Polish colleagues to protest 'muzzle law'
Hundreds of Polish judges dressed in formal black robes marched in Warsaw on Saturday to protest a draft law aimed at punishing justices who...
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Germany warns of 'second Syria' as EU hosts Libya PM

Germany warns of 'second Syria' as EU hosts Libya PM Germany warns of 'second Syria' as EU hosts Libya PM
EU leaders met the head of Libya's UN-recognised government Wednesday as they scramble to contain the escalating crisis there, with Germany...
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Croatia president faces leftist challenge in uncertain vote

Croatia president faces leftist challenge in uncertain vote Croatia president faces leftist challenge in uncertain vote
Croatia elects a new president Sunday in an uncertain vote where the conservative incumbent -- trying to unite a fractured right wing -- faces...
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Sixty years on, Africa still seeks right model for growth

Sixty years on, Africa still seeks right model for growth Sixty years on, Africa still seeks right model for growth
As 1960 dawned, sub-Saharan Africa braced for historic change: that year, 17 of its countries were destined to gain independence from European...
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Central European mayors sign 'pact of free cities'

Central European mayors sign 'pact of free cities' Central European mayors sign 'pact of free cities'
Four central European capitals, all at odds with their countries' populist governments, signed a deal Monday in Budapest to seek more EU funding...
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Victorious Johnson urges Britain to move past Brexit divide

Victorious Johnson urges Britain to move past Brexit divide Victorious Johnson urges Britain to move past Brexit divide
Prime Minister Boris Johnson called on Britons to put years of bitter divisions over the country's EU membership behind them as he vowed to...
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EU leader urges MEPs to back green growth plan

EU leader urges MEPs to back green growth plan EU leader urges MEPs to back green growth plan
The EU's top official Wednesday launched the bloc's new "Green Deal", hailing it as a strategy for jobs and economic growth, not just for cutting...
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Latest News

Netanyahu condemns 'tyrants of Tehran' in Holocaust speech

Netanyahu condemns 'tyrants of Tehran' in Holocaust speech Netanyahu condemns 'tyrants of Tehran' in Holocaust speech
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu urged action against "the tyrants of Tehran" in a Holocaust memorial speech Thursday, comparing what...
Read More...

Barnier warns of post-Brexit 'consequences' for UK, EU citizens

Barnier warns of post-Brexit 'consequences' for UK, EU citizens Barnier warns of post-Brexit 'consequences' for UK, EU citizens
Michel Barnier, the EU's chief Brexit negotiator, warned Tuesday that "concrete consequences" would follow for EU and UK citizens as Britain...
Read More...

EU judges join Polish colleagues to protest 'muzzle law'

EU judges join Polish colleagues to protest 'muzzle law' EU judges join Polish colleagues to protest 'muzzle law'
Hundreds of Polish judges dressed in formal black robes marched in Warsaw on Saturday to protest a draft law aimed at punishing justices who...
Read More...

Germany warns of 'second Syria' as EU hosts Libya PM

Germany warns of 'second Syria' as EU hosts Libya PM Germany warns of 'second Syria' as EU hosts Libya PM
EU leaders met the head of Libya's UN-recognised government Wednesday as they scramble to contain the escalating crisis there, with Germany...
Read More...

Croatia president faces leftist challenge in uncertain vote

Croatia president faces leftist challenge in uncertain vote Croatia president faces leftist challenge in uncertain vote
Croatia elects a new president Sunday in an uncertain vote where the conservative incumbent -- trying to unite a fractured right wing -- faces...
Read More...

Sixty years on, Africa still seeks right model for growth

Sixty years on, Africa still seeks right model for growth Sixty years on, Africa still seeks right model for growth
As 1960 dawned, sub-Saharan Africa braced for historic change: that year, 17 of its countries were destined to gain independence from European...
Read More...

Central European mayors sign 'pact of free cities'

Central European mayors sign 'pact of free cities' Central European mayors sign 'pact of free cities'
Four central European capitals, all at odds with their countries' populist governments, signed a deal Monday in Budapest to seek more EU funding...
Read More...

Victorious Johnson urges Britain to move past Brexit divide

Victorious Johnson urges Britain to move past Brexit divide Victorious Johnson urges Britain to move past Brexit divide
Prime Minister Boris Johnson called on Britons to put years of bitter divisions over the country's EU membership behind them as he vowed to...
Read More...

EU leader urges MEPs to back green growth plan

EU leader urges MEPs to back green growth plan EU leader urges MEPs to back green growth plan
The EU's top official Wednesday launched the bloc's new "Green Deal", hailing it as a strategy for jobs and economic growth, not just for cutting...
Read More...

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It's not often German big business openly dabbles in politics, but many companies are urging their employees to reject eurosceptics and right-wing populists in May 26 European

A certain approach to the study of issues of society, and democracy as its most important element, is called the scientific method. It helps to create directions for research activities aimed at establishing objective patterns of development of the main historical types of democratic governance, including in its modern forms. Researchers identify several groups of methods used in political science analysis: general scientific, socio-humanitarian and special. General scientific methods consist of two main components or subgroups of cognitive means: logical and heuristic methods, and philosophical and axiological principles for the study of political life. There are general scientific methods such as induction and deduction, analysis and synthesis, diagnosis and prognosis, definition and classification, comparison and analogy, descriptive and specific description and abstract explanatory interpretation, observation and experiment, strategic analysis and logical-mathematical modelling, etc. These methods are also called general-logical. Socio-humanitarian methods include methods of historical comparative and synchronous comparative research, analysis of documents and sources. Special scientific methods include techniques developed by political science itself as modifying or combining other methods into special tools used in political objects analyzing, for instance, simulating political situations using elements of game theory or rating expert assessments of political leaders with scaling, comparative analysis of states and parties, carried out using computer technology. Methods containing attitudes and criteria for a certain understanding and interpretation of political phenomena are called approaches.  For example, a psychological approach that helps to study a social reality based on the subjective vision of this reality by a certain individual placed in certain socio-political conditions, in a psychological environment; an economic approach characterized by the determination of a policy by an economy that is its concentrated expression; a sociological approach, meaning the study of the political system, society, party in terms of the interests of the social groups that constitute it, the social structure of the subject being studied, the social statuses and roles played by the individuals that make this group; regulatory value approach, according to which political phenomena are assessed in terms of compliance with the norms of morality, principles of justice and the common good. There are three groups of methods in the political science encyclopedic dictionary used in the study of political processes, including democratic ones: comparative historical, empirical and systemic. Comparative and historical methods include methods of historical description, specific analysis, comparative, periodization, chronological, prognostic, and provide an opportunity to study political phenomena, both in close connection with the historical situation and in qualitative change at various stages of development, making it possible to identify the genetic relationship, their typological connections, differences, allow to cover the phenomenon of democracy as a whole, but not in any part of it. Empirical approaches to political research are associated with the practical need for objective knowledge of political reality related to the participation of citizens in politics. A significant place in empirical research is given to the issue of political behaviour, the study of political culture, the study of the influence of various factors on the political process, the system analysis of large and small political structures, the comprehensive study of political governance, the structural and political analysis of political institutions, etc. Systemic approaches make it possible to study politics as a complex process, identify the most significant elements on the general background of the development of a political phenomenon, to follow their interdependence and interaction. In order to classify the methods of political science research, their division into qualitative and quantitative is also used. The first ones rely on the study and definition of qualitative features and properties of political objects, the second ones rely on the measurement of various parameters using mathematical formalization. However, in modern studies, it is sometimes quite difficult to define the boundaries between qualitative and quantitative methods.

Democracy or the rule of the people is one of the grounds of the European Union. All members of the Union always have the right to vote, and parliamentary deputies are elected by direct popular vote. The EU activities are governed by three democratic principles: 1. Equality –citizens should be treated equally in the EU authorities. 2. Representation – the European Parliament and the provisions of national parliaments are strengthening. Deputies of the European Parliament are elected by direct popular vote. 3. Participation – citizens have the right to participate in the EU decision making, and citizens should be provided with information on all activities of the European Union. Citizens are given the opportunity to initiate civil initiatives. The interaction is developed. The Lisbon Treaty clarified the powers of the member states and the European Union.

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