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Professor Olena Derevianko – new Honorary Fellow of CEDS

Professor Olena Derevianko – new Honorary Fellow of CEDS Professor Olena Derevianko – new Honorary Fellow of CEDS
For several years, The Academic Board of the Center for European Studies picks our best partners in recognition of outstanding achievements...
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EU's Tusk lashes out at Putin on democracy

EU's Tusk lashes out at Putin on democracy EU's Tusk lashes out at Putin on democracy
EU President Donald Tusk on Friday lashed out at his Russian counterpart in unusually undiplomatic language, saying he "strongly disagreed"...
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Are Jews Unhappy in the European Union?

Are Jews Unhappy in the European Union? Are Jews Unhappy in the European Union?
41% of young Jews in Europe plan to emigrate from the EU due to anti-Semitism. This is evidenced by the data from a fresh sociological survey...
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Brexit and European democracy 

Brexit and European democracy  Brexit and European democracy 
While Brexit was put off until the autumn, we have some time to rethink the reasons of why the United Kingdom voted to leave the European Union....
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Outspoken Borrell nominated for EU foreign policy chief

Outspoken Borrell nominated for EU foreign policy chief Outspoken Borrell nominated for EU foreign policy chief
The nomination of Spain's outspoken top diplomat Josep Borrell as EU foreign policy chief marks a return for the 72-year-old to the frontline...
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Croat minister Marija Pejcinovic Buric elected head of Council of Europe: official

Croat minister Marija Pejcinovic Buric elected head of Council of Europe: official Croat minister Marija Pejcinovic Buric elected head of Council of Europe: official
Croatian Foreign and European Affairs Minister Marija Pejcinovic Buric was on Wednesday elected secretary general of the Council of Europe's...
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US seeks NATO help in anti-Iran coalition

US seeks NATO help in anti-Iran coalition US seeks NATO help in anti-Iran coalition
The US defence chief on Thursday pressed NATO allies to join Washington's efforts to squeeze Iran and ensure the safety of ships in the Gulf...
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US prosecutor Mueller to testify publicly on Russia probe

US prosecutor Mueller to testify publicly on Russia probe US prosecutor Mueller to testify publicly on Russia probe
Former US special counsel Robert Mueller is to testify in public about his report into Russian electoral interference, paving the way for a...
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Latest News

Professor Olena Derevianko – new Honorary Fellow of CEDS

Professor Olena Derevianko – new Honorary Fellow of CEDS Professor Olena Derevianko – new Honorary Fellow of CEDS
For several years, The Academic Board of the Center for European Studies picks our best partners in recognition of outstanding achievements...
Read More...

EU's Tusk lashes out at Putin on democracy

EU's Tusk lashes out at Putin on democracy EU's Tusk lashes out at Putin on democracy
EU President Donald Tusk on Friday lashed out at his Russian counterpart in unusually undiplomatic language, saying he "strongly disagreed"...
Read More...

Are Jews Unhappy in the European Union?

Are Jews Unhappy in the European Union? Are Jews Unhappy in the European Union?
41% of young Jews in Europe plan to emigrate from the EU due to anti-Semitism. This is evidenced by the data from a fresh sociological survey...
Read More...

Brexit and European democracy 

Brexit and European democracy  Brexit and European democracy 
While Brexit was put off until the autumn, we have some time to rethink the reasons of why the United Kingdom voted to leave the European Union....
Read More...

Outspoken Borrell nominated for EU foreign policy chief

Outspoken Borrell nominated for EU foreign policy chief Outspoken Borrell nominated for EU foreign policy chief
The nomination of Spain's outspoken top diplomat Josep Borrell as EU foreign policy chief marks a return for the 72-year-old to the frontline...
Read More...

Croat minister Marija Pejcinovic Buric elected head of Council of Europe: official

Croat minister Marija Pejcinovic Buric elected head of Council of Europe: official Croat minister Marija Pejcinovic Buric elected head of Council of Europe: official
Croatian Foreign and European Affairs Minister Marija Pejcinovic Buric was on Wednesday elected secretary general of the Council of Europe's...
Read More...

US seeks NATO help in anti-Iran coalition

US seeks NATO help in anti-Iran coalition US seeks NATO help in anti-Iran coalition
The US defence chief on Thursday pressed NATO allies to join Washington's efforts to squeeze Iran and ensure the safety of ships in the Gulf...
Read More...

US prosecutor Mueller to testify publicly on Russia probe

US prosecutor Mueller to testify publicly on Russia probe US prosecutor Mueller to testify publicly on Russia probe
Former US special counsel Robert Mueller is to testify in public about his report into Russian electoral interference, paving the way for a...
Read More...

Most Popular Stories

It's not often German big business openly dabbles in politics, but many companies are urging their employees to reject eurosceptics and right-wing populists in May 26 European

A certain approach to the study of issues of society, and democracy as its most important element, is called the scientific method. It helps to create directions for research activities aimed at establishing objective patterns of development of the main historical types of democratic governance, including in its modern forms. Researchers identify several groups of methods used in political science analysis: general scientific, socio-humanitarian and special. General scientific methods consist of two main components or subgroups of cognitive means: logical and heuristic methods, and philosophical and axiological principles for the study of political life. There are general scientific methods such as induction and deduction, analysis and synthesis, diagnosis and prognosis, definition and classification, comparison and analogy, descriptive and specific description and abstract explanatory interpretation, observation and experiment, strategic analysis and logical-mathematical modelling, etc. These methods are also called general-logical. Socio-humanitarian methods include methods of historical comparative and synchronous comparative research, analysis of documents and sources. Special scientific methods include techniques developed by political science itself as modifying or combining other methods into special tools used in political objects analyzing, for instance, simulating political situations using elements of game theory or rating expert assessments of political leaders with scaling, comparative analysis of states and parties, carried out using computer technology. Methods containing attitudes and criteria for a certain understanding and interpretation of political phenomena are called approaches.  For example, a psychological approach that helps to study a social reality based on the subjective vision of this reality by a certain individual placed in certain socio-political conditions, in a psychological environment; an economic approach characterized by the determination of a policy by an economy that is its concentrated expression; a sociological approach, meaning the study of the political system, society, party in terms of the interests of the social groups that constitute it, the social structure of the subject being studied, the social statuses and roles played by the individuals that make this group; regulatory value approach, according to which political phenomena are assessed in terms of compliance with the norms of morality, principles of justice and the common good. There are three groups of methods in the political science encyclopedic dictionary used in the study of political processes, including democratic ones: comparative historical, empirical and systemic. Comparative and historical methods include methods of historical description, specific analysis, comparative, periodization, chronological, prognostic, and provide an opportunity to study political phenomena, both in close connection with the historical situation and in qualitative change at various stages of development, making it possible to identify the genetic relationship, their typological connections, differences, allow to cover the phenomenon of democracy as a whole, but not in any part of it. Empirical approaches to political research are associated with the practical need for objective knowledge of political reality related to the participation of citizens in politics. A significant place in empirical research is given to the issue of political behaviour, the study of political culture, the study of the influence of various factors on the political process, the system analysis of large and small political structures, the comprehensive study of political governance, the structural and political analysis of political institutions, etc. Systemic approaches make it possible to study politics as a complex process, identify the most significant elements on the general background of the development of a political phenomenon, to follow their interdependence and interaction. In order to classify the methods of political science research, their division into qualitative and quantitative is also used. The first ones rely on the study and definition of qualitative features and properties of political objects, the second ones rely on the measurement of various parameters using mathematical formalization. However, in modern studies, it is sometimes quite difficult to define the boundaries between qualitative and quantitative methods.

Democracy or the rule of the people is one of the grounds of the European Union. All members of the Union always have the right to vote, and parliamentary deputies are elected by direct popular vote. The EU activities are governed by three democratic principles: 1. Equality –citizens should be treated equally in the EU authorities. 2. Representation – the European Parliament and the provisions of national parliaments are strengthening. Deputies of the European Parliament are elected by direct popular vote. 3. Participation – citizens have the right to participate in the EU decision making, and citizens should be provided with information on all activities of the European Union. Citizens are given the opportunity to initiate civil initiatives. The interaction is developed. The Lisbon Treaty clarified the powers of the member states and the European Union.

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