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Facebook closes Italy pro-government fake news pages: rights group

Facebook closes Italy pro-government fake news pages: rights group Facebook closes Italy pro-government fake news pages: rights group
  Facebook has closed 23 mostly pro-government pages in Italy which were spreading fake news and anti-immigrant content, after an investigation...
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Key parties in South Africa's elections

Key parties in South Africa's elections Key parties in South Africa's elections
A potpourri of 48 political parties contested South Africa's general election Wednesday - a record number.
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H.K. democracy leaders jailed over Umbrella Movement

H.K. democracy leaders jailed over Umbrella Movement H.K. democracy leaders jailed over Umbrella Movement
Four prominent leaders of Hong Kong’s democracy movement were jailed on Wednesday for their role in organizing mass pro-democracy protests...
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Paris university cancels conference featuring Jewish philosopher’s address due to threat of protests

Paris university cancels conference featuring Jewish philosopher’s address due to threat of protests Paris university cancels conference featuring Jewish philosopher’s address due to threat of protests
  Organizers canceled a conference at a Paris university featuring an address by Jewish philosopher Alain Finkielkraut following the threat...
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Ugandan pop star opposition MP placed under house arrest

Ugandan pop star opposition MP placed under house arrest Ugandan pop star opposition MP placed under house arrest
Ugandan police said Tuesday it had placed pop star MP Bobi Wine under "preventive arrest" as the fiery government critic warned his opposition...
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EU, Canada warn of reprisals as US targets foreign interests in Cuba

EU, Canada warn of reprisals as US targets foreign interests in Cuba EU, Canada warn of reprisals as US targets foreign interests in Cuba

The European Union and Canada warned Wednesday of reprisals after the United States for the first time allowed lawsuits against foreign...
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German big business dives into politics with pro-EU message

German big business dives into politics with pro-EU message German big business dives into politics with pro-EU message
It's not often German big business openly dabbles in politics, but many companies are urging their employees to reject eurosceptics and right-wing...
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Netanyahu formally named next Israeli PM

Netanyahu formally named next Israeli PM Netanyahu formally named next Israeli PM
Israeli President Reuven Rivlin on Wednesday formally handed Benjamin Netanyahu his letter of appointment to start building a coalition government...
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President Dr. Peter Davidson   Administrator Dr. Nick Atkinson    Research Fellow Dr Kin Pan Dr James Arthur Dr. J.O....
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Latest News

Facebook closes Italy pro-government fake news pages: rights group

Facebook closes Italy pro-government fake news pages: rights group Facebook closes Italy pro-government fake news pages: rights group
  Facebook has closed 23 mostly pro-government pages in Italy which were spreading fake news and anti-immigrant content, after an investigation...
Read More...

Key parties in South Africa's elections

Key parties in South Africa's elections Key parties in South Africa's elections
A potpourri of 48 political parties contested South Africa's general election Wednesday - a record number.
Read More...

H.K. democracy leaders jailed over Umbrella Movement

H.K. democracy leaders jailed over Umbrella Movement H.K. democracy leaders jailed over Umbrella Movement
Four prominent leaders of Hong Kong’s democracy movement were jailed on Wednesday for their role in organizing mass pro-democracy protests...
Read More...

Paris university cancels conference featuring Jewish philosopher’s address due to threat of protests

Paris university cancels conference featuring Jewish philosopher’s address due to threat of protests Paris university cancels conference featuring Jewish philosopher’s address due to threat of protests
  Organizers canceled a conference at a Paris university featuring an address by Jewish philosopher Alain Finkielkraut following the threat...
Read More...

Ugandan pop star opposition MP placed under house arrest

Ugandan pop star opposition MP placed under house arrest Ugandan pop star opposition MP placed under house arrest
Ugandan police said Tuesday it had placed pop star MP Bobi Wine under "preventive arrest" as the fiery government critic warned his opposition...
Read More...

EU, Canada warn of reprisals as US targets foreign interests in Cuba

EU, Canada warn of reprisals as US targets foreign interests in Cuba EU, Canada warn of reprisals as US targets foreign interests in Cuba

The European Union and Canada warned Wednesday of reprisals after the United States for the first time allowed lawsuits against foreign...
Read More...

German big business dives into politics with pro-EU message

German big business dives into politics with pro-EU message German big business dives into politics with pro-EU message
It's not often German big business openly dabbles in politics, but many companies are urging their employees to reject eurosceptics and right-wing...
Read More...

Netanyahu formally named next Israeli PM

Netanyahu formally named next Israeli PM Netanyahu formally named next Israeli PM
Israeli President Reuven Rivlin on Wednesday formally handed Benjamin Netanyahu his letter of appointment to start building a coalition government...
Read More...

Our Team

Our Team
President Dr. Peter Davidson   Administrator Dr. Nick Atkinson    Research Fellow Dr Kin Pan Dr James Arthur Dr. J.O....
Read More...

Most Popular Stories

It's not often German big business openly dabbles in politics, but many companies are urging their employees to reject eurosceptics and right-wing populists in May 26 European

A certain approach to the study of issues of society, and democracy as its most important element, is called the scientific method. It helps to create directions for research activities aimed at establishing objective patterns of development of the main historical types of democratic governance, including in its modern forms. Researchers identify several groups of methods used in political science analysis: general scientific, socio-humanitarian and special. General scientific methods consist of two main components or subgroups of cognitive means: logical and heuristic methods, and philosophical and axiological principles for the study of political life. There are general scientific methods such as induction and deduction, analysis and synthesis, diagnosis and prognosis, definition and classification, comparison and analogy, descriptive and specific description and abstract explanatory interpretation, observation and experiment, strategic analysis and logical-mathematical modelling, etc. These methods are also called general-logical. Socio-humanitarian methods include methods of historical comparative and synchronous comparative research, analysis of documents and sources. Special scientific methods include techniques developed by political science itself as modifying or combining other methods into special tools used in political objects analyzing, for instance, simulating political situations using elements of game theory or rating expert assessments of political leaders with scaling, comparative analysis of states and parties, carried out using computer technology. Methods containing attitudes and criteria for a certain understanding and interpretation of political phenomena are called approaches.  For example, a psychological approach that helps to study a social reality based on the subjective vision of this reality by a certain individual placed in certain socio-political conditions, in a psychological environment; an economic approach characterized by the determination of a policy by an economy that is its concentrated expression; a sociological approach, meaning the study of the political system, society, party in terms of the interests of the social groups that constitute it, the social structure of the subject being studied, the social statuses and roles played by the individuals that make this group; regulatory value approach, according to which political phenomena are assessed in terms of compliance with the norms of morality, principles of justice and the common good. There are three groups of methods in the political science encyclopedic dictionary used in the study of political processes, including democratic ones: comparative historical, empirical and systemic. Comparative and historical methods include methods of historical description, specific analysis, comparative, periodization, chronological, prognostic, and provide an opportunity to study political phenomena, both in close connection with the historical situation and in qualitative change at various stages of development, making it possible to identify the genetic relationship, their typological connections, differences, allow to cover the phenomenon of democracy as a whole, but not in any part of it. Empirical approaches to political research are associated with the practical need for objective knowledge of political reality related to the participation of citizens in politics. A significant place in empirical research is given to the issue of political behaviour, the study of political culture, the study of the influence of various factors on the political process, the system analysis of large and small political structures, the comprehensive study of political governance, the structural and political analysis of political institutions, etc. Systemic approaches make it possible to study politics as a complex process, identify the most significant elements on the general background of the development of a political phenomenon, to follow their interdependence and interaction. In order to classify the methods of political science research, their division into qualitative and quantitative is also used. The first ones rely on the study and definition of qualitative features and properties of political objects, the second ones rely on the measurement of various parameters using mathematical formalization. However, in modern studies, it is sometimes quite difficult to define the boundaries between qualitative and quantitative methods.

Democracy or the rule of the people is one of the grounds of the European Union. All members of the Union always have the right to vote, and parliamentary deputies are elected by direct popular vote. The EU activities are governed by three democratic principles: 1. Equality –citizens should be treated equally in the EU authorities. 2. Representation – the European Parliament and the provisions of national parliaments are strengthening. Deputies of the European Parliament are elected by direct popular vote. 3. Participation – citizens have the right to participate in the EU decision making, and citizens should be provided with information on all activities of the European Union. Citizens are given the opportunity to initiate civil initiatives. The interaction is developed. The Lisbon Treaty clarified the powers of the member states and the European Union.

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